How to contact Jon Tester ? Jon Tester Contact Address, Email ID, Website, Phone Number
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The American politician Jon Tester, (born on 21 Auge 1956, Havre, Montana, U.S.), was elected a Democrat in 2006 to the U.S. Senate and started to serve Montana the following year.
Tester grew up in north-central Montana in the vicinity of Big Sandy. At the age of nine, in a meat processing accident, he lost three fingers. He met Sharla Bitz during high school, and eventually married the pair (1978) and had two children. He was awarded the bachelor of music from the College of Great Falls in 1978, where he returned to Big Sandy to teach music in primary school. He also had a custom butcher shop around that time.
The first Electoral Office of Tester was a Big Sandy Education Board seat (1983–92). In 1998, Tester ran for the Montana Senate as a Democrat, moved by the deregulation of electricity providers and the higher pricing for rural customers that resulted. The following year he won and gained office. He was appointed minority whip in 2001 and minority leader in 2003. From 2005 to 2006, he was president of the body when he left to run for the U.S. Senate. He was elected narrowly and took office in 2007.
During his years in the U.S. Senate, Tester established himself as a political centrist. In general, he chose the Democratic Party but ran aground on matters like the Keystone XL project he supported and the gun control actions he opposed. He took a centrist approach to environmental rules and compromise brokers, for instance, to allow some economic activity in public lands like logging in previously confined wilderness areas. However, he also introduced legislation to restrict deficit control sales of federal lands. Tester was a passionate supporter for rural matters in the Senate in line with his background. He has also championed the development of renewable energy, native American rights and health care for veterans. In 2015, Tester became the Chairman of the 2016 electoral cycle Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee.
The United States Senate, one of the two chambers of the United States legislature formed under the Constitution in 1789. Each state elects two six-year senators. Around one third of the membership of the Senate ends every two years, garnering the epithet “the house that never dies” in the Chamber.
The Founding Fathers conceived the role of the Senate as a check for the democratically elected House of Representatives. Each state is thereby equally represented, regardless of size or population. Furthermore, before the 17th Constitutional Amendment (1913) the election of state legislatures to the Senate remained indirect.
The Senate shares responsibility for all legislation in the United States with the House of Representatives. Both houses must approve an identical document in order to be valid for an act of Congress.
Under the provisions of Article II of Section 2 of the Constitution, the Senate has important powers: the ratification of the treaties requires a two thirds majority of all the senators present and a simple majority for the approval of important appointments of public officials such as cabinet members and ambassadors and the judges of the Supreme Court. The Senate also adjudicates the prosecution procedure launched by the House of Representatives, requiring a two-thirds majority to be convicted.
As in the House of Representatives, process and organisation dominate the political parties and the committee system. Every party elects a leader, usually a senator with significant authority in its own right, to coordinate Senate activity. The leader of the largest party is called the leader of the majority while the leader of the opposition is known as the leader of the minority. The leaders of the Senate also play a major role in the appointment of members of their party to the Senate committees that examine, process and generally control governmental agencies and departments. The Vice President of the USA acts as Senate President but can only vote if a tie exists. In the absence of the Vice President, the President pro tempore — usually the longest serving member of the governing party — is the Senate’s chairman.
Seventeen standing committees are largely grouped into broad policy areas with employees, budgets and several subcommittees. The standing committees include appropriations, finances, government operations, foreign relations and the judiciary. During each session, thousands of proposals are referred to the committees, although the committees accept only a portion of those proposals. The final text of a law is discussed at “mark-up” meetings, which can be open or closed. The committees hold hearings and call for witnesses to provide witness to the law before them. Special committees and selected committees are also set up to conduct studies and investigate and report to the Senate on ageing, ethics, Indian affairs and intelligence.
The Senate’s smaller membership allows for wider discussion than usual in the House of Representatives. Three-fifths of membership (60 Senators) must vote for a cloture to monitor a filibuster – lengthy debate which obstructs legislative movement. (In 2013, the cloture rule of the Senate was redefined so that majority voting for debate on all presidential nominees, excluding those to the Supreme Court, was permitted, and in 2017, the rule was equally reinterpreted on nominations from the Supreme Court.) If the law under discussion would change the rules of the Senate, cloture may only be triggered by a vote of two-thirds. The system of partial control in the Senate is less elaborate; the position adopted by the powerful senators may be more relevant than (if any) the position taken by the party.
The constitutional rules on eligibility for membership of the Senate stipulate a minimum age of 30, a nine-year nationality and residence in the country from which they have been elected.
Democratic Party, one of the two main political parties in the United States, the other the Republican Party.
In its more than two centuries of existence, the Democratic Party has altered considerably. During the 19th century, the party supported or tolerated slavery and, in order to preserve the support of southern voters, resisted civil rights reforms following the American Civil War. By the middle of the twentieth century, it underwent a radical ideological change and revived itself as a party that supported organised labour, minority civil rights, and progressive reform. The party has also been favouring increasing government participation in the economy and opposing government intervention in the private non-economic matters of the citizen since President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal of the 1930’s. The artist Thomas Nast popularised the logo of the Democratic Party, the donkey, in the 1870’s; although it was widely utilised, it was never formally recognised by the party.
The Democratic Party is America’s oldest political party and one of the world’s oldest political parties. It dates back to 1792, when Thomas Jefferson’s adherents took the moniker of Republican to stress their anti-monarchical ideals. The Republican Party, sometimes known as the Jeffersonian Republicans, promoted a decentralised, limited authority government. The federalist party, led by Alexander Hamilton, favoured a strong central government in the early years of the Republic. The faction of Jefferson was formed by a group of anti-Federalists who had moved to add a Bill of Rights to the Constitution. In an attempt to link him with the anarchy spread by the “radical democrates” of the French Revolution of 1789, the Federalists called Jefferson’s faction the Democratic Republican Party. After the election of the Federalist John Adams in 1796, the Republican Party acted as the first opposition party of that country and in 1798 the Republicans accepted their official name as their sarcastic moniker, the Democratic Republican.
Adams was defeated in 1800 by Jefferson, whose triumph led to a time of sustained Republican-Democratic supremacy. In 1804 Jefferson was handily reelected and subsequently elected the Democrats James Madison (1808 and 1812) and James Monroe (1816 and 1820). By 1820 the Federalist Party vanished from national politics, leaving the Democratic Republicans the single major political party in the country and allowing Monroe to run unopposed in the presidential election of that year.
New countries were joining the Union in the 1820s, voting regulations were simplified and several states approved legislation to directly elect presidential voters by voters (electors had previously been appointed by state legislatures). These reforms divided the Democratic Republicans into groups, each of which nominated its own presidential candidate in 1824. The Congressional caucus nominated Georgian William H. Crawford but also the heads of the two main factions Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams sought president; Kentucky and Tennessee legislature appointed Henry Clay, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Jackson got the most popular and electoral votes, but there was no candidate in the polling college to have the requisite majority.
In spite of the victory of Adams, there were tensions between the Adams and the Jackson camps. The allies of Adams, who represent the interests of the East, dubbed themselves National Republicans. Jackson, whose influence resided in the south and west, was simply called the Democrats by his followers (or as Jacksonian Democrats). In 1832 the Democrats nominated Jackson for president at a first national political convention (a first convention was held in 1832 by the Anti-Masonic Movement), drafted a party platform and laid down a rule requiring presidential and vice presidential candidates to get votes from at least two-thirds of the national counterparts In 1832 in Baltimore, Maryland.
This law, which was only abrogated in 1936, essentially transferred the power of veto in the selection process to the minority groups, and conventions typically required dozens of ballots to pick the nomination of a president. Jackson easily won a reelection in 1832, but its many opponents – who derisively referred to him as “King Andrew” – joined the former national republicans into the Whig Party, named for the English political faction that had been in the 17th century opposed to absolute monarchy (see Whig and Tory).
However, during the 1940s and 1950s, the Democratic Party, as it was officially titled in 1844, endured severe internal strain on west territory slavery. Southern Democrats led by Jefferson Davis intended to make slavery available throughout the territories, while the Northern Democrats led by Stephen A. Douglas recommended that the subject be resolved by referendum on each territory.
The question divided the Democrats in their Presidential Convention of 1860, which nominated Douglas by the Southern Democrats to John C. Breckinridge and North Democrats. The 1860 election also included the candidacy of the Republican Anti-Slavery Party, John Bell and Abraham Lincoln (who had no relationship with the Jefferson’s Republican Party decades before). With the Democrats hopelessly split, Lincoln was elected president with just roughly 40% of the national vote, while 29% and 18% of the votes were taken by Douglas and Breckinridge respectively.
Most political observers see the 1860 election as the first of the country’s three “critical” elections – contests that have brought about sharp but lasting change in party loyalty across the country. (Some scholars also considered the election in 1824 crucial.) It set the Democratic and Republican parties to be the main parties in what was apparently a two-party system. The parties, in federal elections from 1870 to 1890, were in sharp balance, with the exception of the South in which the Democrats dominated, because the Republikan party was mostly white, both in the subsequent American Civil War (1861–65) and Reconstruction (1865–77) which followed.
Repressive legislation and physical intimidation to avoid the African Americans from voting—despite the adoption of the Fifteenth Amendment—ensured that for nearly a century the South will stay firmly democratic (see black code). But the United States slipped into an economic depression during the second term of Cleveland. The party was generally conservative and agri-based at the time, opposing big business interests (particularly safe tariffs) and supporting cheap-money policies geared at preserving low interest rates.
In the second key elections in 1896, Democrats disastrously divided their presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan among the free-silver and populist agenda. The Republican William McKinley, a Conservative who backed high rates and gold-based money, lost Bryan by a significant margin. From 1896 until 1932, only during Woodrow Wilson’s two term (1913–21) was the Democrats presidency, and even Wilson’s administration was regarded somewhat unusual. Wilson triumphed in 1912 when the Republican vote divided President William Howard Taft (official party candidate) and the new Bull Moose Party candidate former Republican President Theodore Roosevelt.
Wilson has championed a number of gradual economic reforms, including the division of corporate monopolies and wider federal banking and business regulation. Though it brought the US into Globe War I to make the world safe for democracy, in the spirit of spectacular affluence of the 1920s, Wilson’s blend of idealism and internationalism proved less acceptable to voters than the forthright Republicans’ embrace of big business. The Democrats lost convincingly in the 1920, 1924 and 1928 presidential elections.
The third key election of the country was held in 1932 following the stock market crisis of 1929 and in the middle of the Great Depression. Led by Franklin D. Roosevelt, not only did the Democrats reclaim president, they replaced the Republicans as the country’s largest political party—in both north and south. Through his political skills and his extensive social New Deal programmes such as social security and the statutory minimum salaries, Roosevelt forged a wide coalition—including small farmers, Northern urban dwellers, organised labour, immigrants from Europe, liberals, intellectuals and reformers—with which the Democrat Party maintained its presidency until 1952 and controlled both houses of Congress. In 1936, 1940 and 1944, Roosevelt was re-elected; he was the only president elected for over two terms. When he died in 1945, his vice president Harry S. Truman, who was narrowly elected in 1948, succeeded him.
(1)Full Name: Jon Tester
(2)Nickname: Jon Tester
(3)Born: 21 August 1956
(4)Father: Cyrus Tester
(5)Mother: Mary Ann
(6)Sister: Not Available
(7)Brother: Not Available
(8)Marital Status: Married
(9)Profession: Politician and farmer
(10)Birth Sign: Leo
(12)Religion: Not Available
(13)Height: Not Available
(14)School: Not Available
(15)Highest Qualifications: Not Available
(16)Hobbies: Not Available
(17)Address: Havre, Montana, U.S
(18)Contact Number: (202) 224-2644
(19)Email ID: Not Available
(23)Youtube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/jontester
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