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Mazie Hirono, Mazie in full Keiko Hirono, a Japanese born American politician born on November 3, 1947 and elected Democrat in the US Senate in 2012, began serving Hawaii the following year. She was the first Asian immigrant and Buddhist in the Senate, the first woman in the Legislative Body to represent Hawaii. Hirono served previously (2007–13) in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Hirono was born to a Japanese American mother in a town near Fukushima City, to a Japanese father whose marriage eventually collapsed. Mazie and her brother Roy relocated to Honolulu in 1955 with their mother. Mazie graduated from the University of Hawaii with a bachelor of psychology in 1970 and acquired a law degree from Georgetown University in 1978 after working for several years.
In 2002, Republican Linda Lingle beat Hirono for the governorship. Four years later, Hirono earned three terms of office in the U.S. House of Representatives. In 2012 she ran to succeed retired senator Daniel Akaka in the U.S. Senate. In the general election, she defeated Lingle and took office in 2013. A Liberal Democrat, Hirono usually sided with the leadership of her party. She has also sponsored various laws on education and has taken a strong stand on abortion.
Georgetown University, private higher education co-educational institution in Washington, D.C., USA. Although Georgetown was associated to the order of the Jesuits in the Roman Catholic Church, it was always open to persons of all faiths. The University consists of the College of Arts and Sciences, the University of Applied Sciences, the Walsh School of Foreign Service, the Schools of law, medicine, nursing, business and linguistics. Georgetown provides undergraduate and graduate studies as well as professional programmes. Important facilities include the Seismological Observatory, the Theological Center Woodstock and the Strong Center Charles Augustus near Florence, Italy. The total registration is about 12,000.
Founded in 1789, Georgetown was the first U.S. Roman Catholic college. The first charter was issued by the federal government in 1814. The school of medicine was formed in 1849, the school of law in 1870. Among the distinguished graduates are U.S. President William J. Clinton, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, and Colombia President Alfonso López Michelsen.
The United States Senate, one of the two houses of the U.S. Congress, created under the Constitution in 1789. For six years, each state elects two senators. The terms of almost a third of the membership of the Senate expire every two years and the house receives its surname “the house that never dies.”
The Founding Fathers designed the job of the Senate to control the popularly elected Chamber of Representatives. Each state is therefore equally represented, irrespective of size or population. Furthermore, until the 17th Constitutional amendment (1913), the election to the Senate by the national legislatures was indirect. They are now directly elected by the electorate of each state.
The Senate shares the responsibility of the House of Representatives for all legislation in the United States. To make an act of Congress valid, both houses must approve the same document.
In accordance with the provisions of ‘advice and consent’ (Article 2 section 2) of the Constitution, the Senate is given important powers: the ratification of the treaties requires two-thirds majority for all senators present and a simple majority for the approval of significant public nominations such as the members of the cabinet, the ambassadors and the judges of the Supreme Court. The Senate also adjudicates the procedures begun by the House of Representatives, which require a two-thirds majority for conviction.
As in the House of Representatives, the process and organisation are dominated by political parties and the committee system. Each party elects a leader to organise the Senate’s actions, often a senator with substantial importance in its own right. The head of the largest party is the leader of the majority, whereas the leader of the opposition is known as the leader of the minority. The leaders of the Senate also play an essential function in assigning members of their party to Senate committees, which review and process legislation and wield overall control of government agencies and ministries. The Vice-President of the United States acts as the Senate President, but can only vote if a tie exists. In the absence of the Vice President, the president pro tempore – usually the longest servant of the dominant party – is the Senate president.
Seventeen standing committees are largely structured around significant policy topics with employees, budgets and several subcommittees. The chairman of each committee is a majority party member. The standing committees include appropriations, finance, government operations, international relations and the judiciary. There are thousands of projects referred to the committees during each meeting of Congress, but only a percentage of these are taken up by the committees. The final text for a bill will be taken into account at “mark-up” sessions that can be open or closed. The committees hold hearings and ask for witnesses to report to them on the legislation. Select and special committees are also set up for studies or for research and reporting on ageing, ethics, Indian affairs and intelligence to the Senate.
The smaller membership of the Senate allows for a wider debate than usual in the House. Three-fifths of the membership (60 senators) must vote for cloture in order to control a filibuster—a non-ending discussion that obstructs legislative action. (The cloture-invocatory rule of the Senate was redefined in 2013 to allow for majority voting cloture for debate on all presidential nominees other than those to the Supreme Court and in 2017 the rule was similarly modified for the nominations of the Supreme Court) If the measure under discussion changes the Senate’s standing rules, a vote of merely two thirds of those present can invoke cloture. The structure of the party control is less elaborate in the Senate; the position taken by powerful senators can be greater than the position (if any) taken by the party.
The constitutional provisions on Senate qualifications specify a minimum of 30 years, nine years of U.S. citizenship and residence in the State of election.
Hawaii, United States of America member state. On August 21, 1959, Hawaii (Hawaiian: Hawaiii) became the 50th US state. Hawaii is a collection of the Central Pacific Ocean volcanic islands. These islands are 3,857 kilometres (2.397 miles) east from San Francisco in California and 8,516 km (5,293 miles) west from Manila in the Philippines.
Hawaii was marked by Mark Twain as “the most beautiful fleet of islands in the ocean.” The name is supposedly derived from Hawaiki, the former name of Raiatea, Polynesians’ ancient home.
With diversified agriculture and production, Hawaii is economically active. Hawaiian national and international activities cover oceanographic, geophysical, astronomical, satellite and biomedical research and development. The state is sometimes termed the Pacific Crossroads and is strategically crucial to the United States’ worldwide defence system and acts as the transit centre for the Pacific Basin. Hawaii is finally a cultural centre and an important tourism magnet. Area 10,970 miles square (28,412 square km). (2010) 1,360,301; (2019 is.) 1,415,872.
The territory of the state of Hawaii is comprised of the summits of an emerging volcanic chain of mountains that constitute 8 major islands and 124 islets, ranging from Kure Island to the west of the island of Hawaii in the east in a 1,500-mile crescent of the region. Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe, Maui, Hawaii are the eight biggest islands on the eastern end of the chain. Each volcanic mountain originated during the transit of the Pacific Plate via a hotspot (an area of the Earth’s high heat which melts through the crust) under the central Pacific Ocean and a flare-up magma added mass to the above crust.
The origins of Hawaii, islands and seamounts may be traced, almost at the end of the cretaceous period, to at least 70 million years ago (145 million to 66 million years ago). Volcanic activity has become sleeping with the exclusion of the emerging Mauna Loa, Kilauea and Seamount Lō’ihi volcanoes. On the easternmost and largest island, Hawaii (commonly the ‘Big Island’), Mauna Loa and Kilauea are located where magnificent eruptions and lava flows occur from time to time. The seamount Lō’ihi, an increasing volcano that can break the surface tens of thousands of years from the present time, lies 18.6 miles (30 kilometres) south-east of Hawaii Island. Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa are the highest Hawaiian mountains, both on the island of Hawaii, reaching respectively 13,796 feet (4,205 metres) and 13,778 feet (4,169 metres) above sea level.
In geologically young locations where the ground is domelike or interspersed with hardened lava, there was little erosion and volcanic craters are clearly marked.
Mountains have been formed and eroded by water, rain and wind in the older regions. These include sharp, rocky silhouettes, abrupt, vertically rainbowed steep cliffs with cellars, deep valleys, collapsed craters (calderas) and coastal plains. Strong Pacific surfing, churning and collapsing with the slope of coral and lava shores, has sent minute shells to the coast and crushed coral and huge shells to sand to create the State’s famed slopes.
Heavy rainfall causes an exceptionally large flux, leading to the erosion of multiple grooves, ridges and V-shaped valleys, characteristic of the old volcanic islands like as Kauai and Oahu. The rainfall and wave activity have had an especially dramatic effect on the most exposed areas of the islands. As Hawaii’s landscape mainly descends or slopes steeply, there are few surfaces that collect water. In underground chambers and layers preserved by less permeability lava and ash beds, the excess rainfall penetrates the porous mountain areas or is kept from being sick by the overlying saline water. The resulting artesian water supply is used for irrigation and human purposes. Depending on the volume of rainfall, many streams in Hawaii are intermittent. Kauai Island features multiple perennial streams, with the Wailua river being the largest.
Hawaii is rich in fertile soils due to the weathering of basaltic lava and volcanic ash. The islands include a vast array of soils due to local circumstances and changes in rainfall and organic matter. These include andisols and mollisols, which are produced as a result of lava flows that took place on the islands of Maui and Hawaii more than 3000 years ago and are agriculturally productive when irrigated. The Oahu and Kauai oxisols, both of which are iron oxidation-red, are also good for agriculture.
Hawaii is located just below the Cancer Tropic, and many people believe the mild tropical climate to be the finest in the world. While the weather is often humid by the standards of the United States mainland, temperatures are conditioned by winds from the north-east which prevail the majority of the year and make it pleasant to live on the islands. As moisture-charged air is transported across the Islands, most often by trade winds, it might condense, create cap clouds and dissipate against the banks and mountains of windy coasts, such that the leeward coast is lighter in vegetation.
Only two seasons are recognised by most Hawaiians: summer and winter. Summer (kau), with high temperatures and consistent trade winds, runs from May to October. The rainy season (ho’oilo), with colder temperature and frequent rainstorms, lasts from November to April.
The average temperature of Honolulu is at low F 70s (about 22 °C) in the coolest month and in hot F 80s (approximately 26 °C), while extreme temperatures were reported at high F 50s (approximately 14 °C) and low F 90s (approximately 33 °C). The average waters off Waikiki Beach in Honolulu are between mid-70s F (about 24 degrees C), in late February and 70s F (approximately 26 degrees Celsius) late September. The temperature drops by approximately 3.5 °F (2 °C) per 1,000 feet (300 metres) of lift, thus mountainous areas are considerably cooler, especially in the wintertime when there is frost; at the top of Mauna Kea a temperature of −17 °C has been recorded, while winter snow often licks crests of Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa.
Rainfall fluctuations are dramatic throughout the state. Mount Waialeale on the Kauai Island is sometimes named the world’s wetest place, with an average yearly precipitation of almost 450 inches (11,430 mm). The driest part of the State is Kawaihae, on Hawaiian Island, with an annual average precipitation of only approximately 9 inches (220 mm). The average annual rainfall is 23 inches in Honolulu (590 mm), and it is approximately 130 inches in Hilo, one of the west cities of the state (3,300 mm).
The plants and animals migrating to Hawaii developed in a comparatively benign environment, producing species that live elsewhere on the earth. Birds, winds or currents and tides delivered seeds of endemic plant species to Hawaii, resulting in vast forestation, shrubs and grasslands, where soil and precipitation are favourable. However, with more and more species being imported either deliberately or accidently, both plant and animal native species are under increasing threat. About one-third of the more than 1,000 animal species classified endangered or vulnerable by the US government exist in Hawaii. In an attempt to safeguard indigenous ecosystems more than 1,000,000 acres (400,00 hectares) of land in the state were reserved.
In the most distant areas of some of the islands, deer, sheep, pigs and goats were brought by the Polynesians and European. Endemic birds that may have evolved from a small number of original immigrants and are isolated from others of their kind have acquired specific features. These include the nene, the Hawaiian stilt and a number of small forest birds known as shrimps. Some species of birds have become extremely scarce yet attempts have been taken to prevent their extinction as a result of greater environmental awareness. Seabirds nest in abundance amongst the main eastern islands and on the western archipelago’s islands. There have been huge birdlife imports. In both urban and rural locations, mynas, sparrows, cardinals and doves live in the trees. A stunning 3,000-km (4,800 km) nonstop trip from Alaska to Hawaii takes place in fall with the little golden plover and the ducks from Alaska, Canada and the northwest of the USA.
The population of insects has over 10,000 indigenous species, almost 9 tenths of which are unique to the islands. The ocean supports a variety of marine ecosystems, from tidal pools to deep ocean levels, with around a quarter of all species unique to Hawaii. A vast range of marine mammals, including roughly a dozen species of whales, are found in the waters around the islands.
Most anthropologists assume the original colony in Hawaii to be followed by a second wave of immigrants sailing out of Tahiti during the IXth or the Xth centuries from the Marquesas Islands between the IVth and 7th centuries CE. The capacity of the resumption of the use of travelling canoe and traditional methods of navigation in Hawaii from the 70s show that the islands were not as isolated from their initial colonisation as once thought; indeed, considerable purposeful travel could have occurred between Hawaii and far-flung Polynesian destinations. Hawaiian isolation was still large enough to allow Hawaiian culture to develop its own distinctive features, while the linguistic and cultural resemblances between the Hawaiian people and their Polynesian family still remain very close.
(1)Full Name: Mazie k. Hirono
(2)Nickname: Mazie k. Hirono
(3)Born: 3 November 1947
(4)Father: Not Available
(5)Mother: Not Available
(6)Sister: Not Available
(7)Brother: Not Available
(8)Marital Status: Married
(9)Profession: Lawyer and Politician
(10)Birth Sign: Scorpio
(12)Religion: Not Available
(13)Height: Not Available
(14)School: Not Available
(15)Highest Qualifications: Not Available
(16)Hobbies: Not Available
(17)Address: Koori, Fukushima, Japan
(18)Contact Number: (202) 224-6361
(19)Email ID: Not Available
(21)Twitter: Not Available
(23)Youtube Channel: youtube.com/channel/UCcoKhxad156flzPYJ8JMFOA