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A U.S. politician who was elected a Democrat to the U.S. Senate in 2016 and started to represent Illinois in the following year, Tammy Duckworth (born Mar 12, 1968 in Bangkok, Thailand). Prior to that, she was a member of the United States House of Representatives (2013-17).
Duckworth was born in Bangkok, the daughter of a Chinese-born Thai mother and an American humanitarian aid worker. The family resided in Thailand and Singapore at the age of 16 before moving to Hawaii. They lived briefly with public support, a situation that resonated with voters when Duckworth went into electoral politics. She graduated (1989) from the University of Hawaii and then graduated from the University of George Washington with a Masters in International Affairs from the Army Reserve Training Officers Corps (1992) in International Affairs (ROTC). In 2018, Duckworth became the first senator to give birth during her tenure, and her future husband, Bryan Bowlsbey, who was also in ROTC and subsequently had two kids.
Duckworth later became a National Guard member and was trained as a pilot chopper. She was called to active military and dispatched to Iraq in 2004 while working on a doctorate at Northern Illinois University. There, a rocket-propelled grenade blasted her chopper down, Duckworth lost her legs and almost lost her right arm following a 13-hour emergency operation. Duckworth was given the Purple Heart (2004) while rigorous recovery at Walter Reed Army Medical Center. In 2014, she retired as a lieutenant colonel from the military. She obtained a Doctorate in Human Services from Capella University the following year.
Duckworth ran in the US House of Representatives in 2006 as a Democrat, but was defeated. She was later State Director of the Veteran Affairs Department (2006–09). After former Illinois Senator Barack Obama became president, Duckworth was appointed Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Veterans Affairs Department (2009-11). She resigned to run for the House of Representatives in the eighth Illinois district and in 2012 defeated her Republican opponent with a 10-point margin.
In 2013, Duckworth came into office and shown that she was a reliable supporter of President Obama and his legislative initiatives, including numerous sections in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. She has also been a leader in efforts to adopt leg They don’t buckle. They don’t buckle. Go ahead, shot me.” Go ahead. She was elected by a wide margin and became Thailand’s first US senator. Duckworth continued to push broadly liberal policies following his taking office in 2017.
Duckworth assisted in 2018 to defeat a bill supported by the Republicans that its detractors believe it would have compromised the US Disability Act.In February, the Senate trial took place and Duckworth voted to convict Trump, although he was freed from a big partisan vote. Later in 2020 Duckworth was considered as a Biden running mate, but Kamala Harris was eventually selected. Biden defeated Trump, while Trump challenged results and alleged that, although there was no evidence, there was a widespread electoral fraud. When Duckworth and others met to certify the victory of Biden on 6 January 2021, Trump supporters attacked the Capitol and temporarily stopped the process. Shortly afterwards, for the second time, the House accused Trump of “inciting revolt.” Duckworth voted to convict, but in the Senate Trump was acquitted.
University of Northern Illinois, public, coeducational, in DeKalb, Illinois, U.S. The university was established as the Northern Illinois State Normal School in 1895. Training started in 1899. In 1921 it became a 4-year college of state teachers and in 1951 it started to provide graduate programmes. In 1957, Northern Illinois became a university. The total registration is roughly 25,000.
Northern Illinois has seven colleges (business, education, engineering, engineering, health and humanities, law, liberal arts and sciences, visual and performing arts). The school provides a variety of bachelor’s, master’s and PhD programmes, including a jurisprudence degree. The University also has Oregon, Hoffman Estates, Rockford and Naperville exhibition centres. The Center for Latin and Latin American Studies, the Regional History Center, the South-East Asian Center and the Studies Center of Burma are research centres. There are art, anthropology and education museums in the university.
United States Senate, one of the two houses of the U.S. Congress, created under the Constitution in 1789. Each state elects two six-year senators. Around one-third of Senate membership expires every two years and takes the name “house that never dies” from the Chamber.
The Founding Fathers conceived the duty of the Senate as a control over the democratically elected House of Representatives. Therefore, every state is equally represented, irrespective of size or population. Moreover, the election of the Senate by the national legislatures was indirect until the 17th Amendment of the Constitution (1913). They are now directly elected by each state’s voters.
The Senate shares the responsibility for all legislation in the United States with the House of Representatives. To be valid for an act of the Congress, both houses must approve the same document.
The Senate’s powers under Article II, section 2 of the Constitution are of great importance: the approval of crucial appointments, such as cabinet members, ambassadors and judges, by a two-thirds majority of all senators present and by the simple majority. The Senate also adjudicates the prosecution procedure launched by the House of Representatives, requiring a two-thirds majority for conviction.
As in the House of Representatives, the procedure and organisation prevail above political parties and the committee structure. Each party elects a leader, usually a senator with great power in its own right, to organise the actions of the Senate. The leader of the largest party is known as the leader of the majority and the leader of the opposition as the leader of the minority. Senate leaders also have a major role in appointing Senate Committee members of their party, who review and process legislation and have general authority over government agencies and departments. The Vice President of the United States is the Senate President, but can only vote if there is a tie. In the absence of the Vice President, the pro tempore president, usually the longest serving member of the majority party, is the chairman of the Senate.
Seventeen standing committees are largely organised into broad policy areas with different staff, budgets and subcommittees. The chairman of each committee is a majority party member. The standing committees include those on appropriations, finance, government operations, foreign affairs and the judiciary. Thousands of proposals are referred to committees in each session of Congress, albeit a percentage of these proposals are accepted by the committees. The final language for a bill is discussed during “mark-up” sessions that may be open or closed. The committees hold hearings and invite witnesses to give evidence of the legislation before them. Select and special committees are also established for the purpose of conducting research and investigations and reporting to the Senate.
The fact that the Senate is smaller enables a wider discussion than is customary in the House of Representatives. Three-fifths of the membership (60 senators) have to vote on the cloture in order to check an unbroken discussion that obstructs legislative activity. (In 2013, the Senate cloture rule was revised to allow for the majority vote clotting in the discussion on all presidential appointments except the Supreme Court nominations, and in 2017 the rule was similarly reinterpreted for nominations to the Supreme Court) If the legislation under debate changes the rules of the Senate, cloture may only be called by the two-thirds vote of those present. The structure of party power in the senate is less complex; the position of influential senators may be more crucial than (if any) the party’s position.
The constitutional requirements for membership of the Senate shall define a minimum age of thirty years, a citizenship of the United States for nine years and domicile in the state of elected membership.
Democratic Party: one of the two main political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party.
During its more than two centuries, the Democratic Party has altered tremendously. In the 19th century it supported or tolerated slavery, and in order to keep the support of Southern voters it rejected post-American civil war civil rights legislation. In the mid-20th century, it underwent a radical ideological transformation and re-invented itself as a party to promote organised labour, minority civil rights and gradual reform. From Pres.
The Democratic Party is America’s oldest political party and one of the world’s oldest political parties. It dates back to 1792, when Thomas Jefferson’s adherents adopted the name Republican in order to stress their anti-monarchical ideals. The Republican Party, known as the Jeffersonian Republicans, called for a decentralised, limited government. The Federalist Party, led by Alexander Hamilton, favoured another party in the early years of the republic. The Jefferson faction grew out of the anti-Federalist group which had campaigned for a bill of rights to be added to the constitution of the United States. The Federalists called Jefferson the Democratic-Republican Party to associate it with the “radical democrats” turmoil of the 1789 French Revolution. After federalist John Adams was elected president in 1796, the Republican Party was the first opposition party of this country, and in 1798 the Republicans took their official name from the derogatory moniker Democratic-Republican.
Jefferson defeated Adams in 1800, whose win led to a period of sustained Republican-Democratic domination. Jefferson gained an easy re-election in 1804 and afterwards also elected the Democratic-Republicans James Madison (1808 and 1812) and James Monroe (1816 and 1820). By 1820 the federalist political party had disappeared, leaving the Democratic Republicans the single significant party of the country and allowing Monroe to run unchallenged during the presidential campaign of that year.
In the 1820s, new countries joined the union, voting regulations were relaxed and numerous states approved legislation providing for direct electoral elections by presidential voters (electors had previously been appointed by state legislatures). These reforms broke the Democratic-Republicans into factions, each nominating a presidential candidate in 1824. William H. Crawford of Georgia was nominated by the Congressional Caucus, but Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams, the leaders of the two largest factions of the party, also applied for the chair; Henry Clay, chairman of the House of Representatives, was nominated by both the Kentucky and Tennessee parliamentarians. Jackson earned the most popular and electoral votes, but the majority in electoral college was not obtained by any candidate. When the elections were held in the House of Representatives (as set forth in the Constitution), Clay, who finished fourth and therefore was eliminated, gave his support to Adams, which won a vote in the House and later nominated Clay Secretary of State.
Notwithstanding the victory of Adams, disagreements persisted between the Adams and the Jackson groups. The supporters of Adams, representing the interests of the Eastern countries, dubbed themselves National Republicans. Jackson, whose influence rested in the south and the west, simply called Democrats his followers (or as Jacksonian Democrats). In the 1828 presidential election, Jackson defeated Adams. In 1832, Maryland nominated Jackson as president at one of the first national political conventions of the country (the first convention held by the Anti-Masonic Movement the year before), drafted a party platform, and established a rule requiring presidential party candidates and Vice-presidential candidates to receive the votes of at least two-thirds of the national concurrent membership. This provision, which only was overturned in 1936, essentially surrendered the minority factions veto power during the selection process, and conventions often called for hundreds of votes to decide a presidential contender. (John W. Davis, presidential candidate of the party in 1924, needed over a hundred votes to gain his candidacy.) Jackson was comfortably reelected in 1832, but his many opponents — who laughably called him “king Andrew” — combined with early National Republicans in forming the Whig Party, which had fought absolute monarchy in the 17th century for the English political group (see Whig and Tory).
During 1840s and 1950s, however, the Democratic Party was seriously affected by the question of spreading slavery to western regions as it was officially called in 1844. Throughout the territories South Democrats, headed by Jefferson Davis, wished to allow slavery, while the Northern Democrats, led by Stephen A. Douglas, suggested that the subject be decided by each territory by means of a referendum. In 1860, when the Southern Democrats nominated John C. Breckinridge and the North Democrats chose Douglas the Democrats split the matter. John Bell, the nominee for the Constitutional Union Party and Abraham Lincoln, the newly founded (1854) anti-slavery Republican Party (unrelated to the Republican Jeffer Parti decades earlier) were also featured in the 1860 elections. With hopelessly split Democrats, Lincoln was elected president with just under 40% of the vote, while Douglas and Breckinridge received 29% and 18% respectively.
Most political experts see the election in 1860 as the first of three “critical” elections in the country — competitions that resulted in significant but persistent changes in party allegiance throughout the country. (Some scholars also consider the election of 1824 to be a significant choice.) The Democratic and Republican Parties were created as the primary parties in what was apparently a two-party system. In the 1870’s to the 1890s, the parties were in the rough balance – except in the south when the Democrats dominated the party since most of the whites blamed the Republican Party both for the ensuing American Civil War (1861–65) as well as for the subsequent reconstruction (1865–77). Repressive laws and physical intimidation aimed at prevented African Americans from voting, despite the passing of the 15th amendment, ensured that the South remained firmly democratic for almost a century (see black code). However, the United States slid into an economic slump during Cleveland’s second term. The party, at the time, was mostly conservative and agricultural, opposed big commercial interests (particularly protective tariffs) and promoted low-income policies designed to maintain low interest rates.
(1)Full Name: Tammy Duckworth
(2)Nickname: Tammy Duckworth
(3)Born: 12 March 1968
(4)Father: Not Available
(5)Mother: Not Available
(6)Sister: Not Available
(7)Brother: Not Available
(8)Marital Status: Married
(10)Birth Sign: Pisces
(12)Religion: Not Available
(13)Height: Not Available
(14)School: Not Available
(15)Highest Qualifications: Not Available
(16)Hobbies: Not Available
(17)Address: Bangkok, Thailand
(18)Contact Number: (202) 224-2854
(19)Email ID: Not Available
(21)Twitter: Not Available
(23)Youtube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/SenDuckworth